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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

PASGAHA MAE/-BAN.                                             401
and as they ail lie very close together and are pretty nearly the same size and
have the same general features, being all occupied by members of the same-
clan, the effect upon a chance visitor is a little bewildering. Neither do the
fields of one hamlet all lie together, but are intermingled with those of several
others. The tract however is well-wooded with babul trees dotted about the
borders of the fields and frequent small mango orchards. It is also well-culti-
vated, the only bits of waste being the Bairagis* hermitages, green little nooks,
the last remnants of the original jungle.
X&-KHEBA is said to have been the parent of twenty-eight villages3 eleven
of which are still grouped together under the collective name of the taluka Ar
Lashkarpmr, They are as follows :—Bansa, Basar-Bhikhandi, Bir Aliabad,
Gurera, Khalana, Khajori, Nigora, Nonera, Pavesara, Polua? and Sujanpur.
The last of these, with an area of 24$ acres, is uninhabited and is owned by the
Jat Raja of Mursan. The Khera itself has been deserted for very many years
past, and though a mel& in honour of Barahi Devi is held there twice a year,
even the goddess does not remain permanently on the spot, but is merely
brought over for the occasion.
MADEM.—This is a circle of five villages occupied by Jats of the Dangri
sub-division. Their ancestor, by name Kapiir, is said to have been a Sissodiya
Thakur from Jaitai in the Sa'dabad pargana, but originally from Chitor, whose
five sons, Chhikara, Bhojua, Jagatiya, Nauranga, and Ransingea, founded the
villages that still bear their names. In consequence of their laxity in allowing
widow re-marriage they lost caste and from Thakurs became Jats. The older
occupants of the locality are represented to have been Kalars, CWnkara and
Bansingha now form the central settlement. At the siyary or shrine of the
goddess of small-pox, who is specially worshipped once a year in the month of
Asarh, I noticed a small figure apparently Jain, which slightly confirms my
view that Kalar is the local name for the older followers of that fait!,
EAYA—population 2,752—is a small town on the Aligarh road, seven miles
from Mathursi, and the first station on the Light Railway from that city to
Hathras. It has no arable land of its own, but is the recognised centre of as
many as twenty-one Jat villages which were founded from it. These are as
follows s_(i) N4gai? (-2) Gonga, (3) Suraj, (4) Dhakn, (5) Acham, (6) Bhain-
sara, (7) Siyara, (8) Banau, (CJ) Parar&ri, (10) Saras, (11) Tirwa, (12) Kharwa,
(13) Karwa Hansi, (14) Thana Arnar Sinh, (15) Saur, (16) PoMmr Hirday,
(17) Malhai, (18) Khairin, (19) Bhima, (20) Koil, and (21) Chnra Hansi,
The first fourteen of these are the older settlements and are called the chaudab
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